Basic Turbocharger Maintenance Tips
Ongoing Turbocharger Maintenance – How to Avoid Problems
To ensure a long trouble free turbocharger life, it is important to keep to a regular vehicle maintenance routine.
Turbochargers we supply should give many years of good use as long as the vehicle and turbo are maintained in a regular fasion and at a minimum, in accordance with vehicle manufacturer recommendations.
The most important aspect of regular turbocharger maintenance is oil change frequency. Oil changes should be at least as regular as manufacturer recommendation and depending on environmental and drive conditions, may need to be made as low as every 5000 km. At all oil changes it is recommended that the correct grade of oil (as per manufacturer) or better is used and a high quality oil filter is installed to replace the old one.
An oil and filter change are necessary whenever a new turbo is installed.
Never underfill the sump when doing an oil change nor overfill the sump. An overfilled sump can create excess pressure and impede oil flow to turbocharger.
After an oil/filter change, ALWAYS check the oil level after running the engine for a few minutes to make sure oil level is between the marks on the dipstick. Where it is not, correct the level by adding incrementally or letting some oil out of the sump plug until the desired level is achieved.
As oil supply to the turbo is the most critical aspect of turbo health, oil feed and drain lines should be inspected at regular intervals and be pressure tested and replaced as necessary. Visual inspection of outside of lines will not always reveal internal pipe damage, that is why pressure testing is recommended.
Any banjo bolts associated with the oil feed / drain should also be checked and cleaned as this is where dirty oil deposits can build up and block normal flow leading to lower serviceable life or outright failure of the turbo.
Any scavenge pump or oil restricting devices should also be tested for correct performance such as crack pressure testing.
In dusty environments or with off road use, it is also recommended that the airfilter be changed on a regular basis. A dirty air filter will increase resistence to air being drawn into the turbo and can create incorrect air pressure leading to poor performance or even damage to oil seals as oil is drawn out of the CHRA via vaccuum and into the compressor housing.
Other Running Considerations for Turbocharger Maintenance
As well as regular turbo maintenance, it is always good practice to warm an engine up by letting it idle for a minute of so until oil stabilises in head and turbo etc..
Likewise (and especially after high speed highway driving), it is a good idea to allow the vehicle to idle for a minute or two (or install a turbo timer to do this), to allow the turbocharger to wind down.
This will prolong the useful life of the turbo by reducing “coking” on the bearings, shaft and seals due to shut down at high temperature/rpm.